Reported By- Sumit Kumar
After the second world-war, when the Brits decided to withdraw from the tumultuous and restive region witnessing the conflict between Zionists and Palestinians, the matter to resolve the crisis was sent to the newly formed United Nations. The U.N. in 1947 passed a resolution for the creation of Israel and Palestine while Jerusalem, the sacred city, given it’s religious and political sensitivity was decided to be governed by International organization so as to avoid any sort of conflict.
But, the Arab- Israel war in 1948 altered the original plan with the Israel annexing the West Jerusalem while East Jerusalem was occupied by Jordan. Further, after the six day war in 1967, East Jerusalem also came under the control of Israel. The United Nations did not recognized the Jerusalem as legitimate territory of Israel but the Knesset (Parliament Of Israel) passed an act in 1980 declaring Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Israel, in it’s bid to buttress the claim on the territory, started building inroads in the city through settlements, in violation of international resolutions. The Jerusalem Embassy Act was passed by U.S. Congress in 1995 to shift it’s embassy from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem. But, it’s implementation was always deferred given the sensitivities attached to the city as a part of the two-state solution. But, Mr. Donald Trump followed the twenty-two year old act in it’s letter and spirit and ordered the shifting of U.S. embassy to Jerusalem.
Why So Much Brouhaha
For Jews, Jerusalem represents their cultural, religious and political epicenter. They believe that the city was their ancient capital and the cultural, religious and political developments of Jews took place in the city. The city also hosts the Temple Mount, considered as very sacred to the Jews.
For Muslims, the city is the third most significant religious site after Mecca and Medina. The Al-Aqsa mosque is situated at the place and it is believed that Mohammad Prophet ascended into heaven from the same city.
The prospect of achieving a solution has become more fragile as it has intensified the friction between the warring factions. The O.I.C has condemned the move of U.S. to shift it’s embassy. Both Israel and a future Palestine look upon the city as their capital state and the recent developments have made them more rigid. One hopes that both the sides come to the negotiation table to resolve the conflict to maintain peace and stability in the region.